Apr

13

Everyone welcome. There will be refreshments in the Math Lounge before the exam.DEPARTMENTAL PHD THESIS EXAMWednesday, April 25, 2012, 2:10 p.m., in BA 6183, 40 St. George St.PhD Candidate: Jihyeon Jessie YangPhD Advisor: Askold KhovanskiiThesis Title: Tropical Severi Varieties and Applications (http://www.math.toronto.edu/jyang/PhDThesisJYANG.pdf)Thesis Abstract: The main topic of this thesis is the tropicalizations of Severi varieties, which we call tropical Severi varieties. Severi varieties are classical objects in algebraic geometry. They are parameter spaces of plane nodal curves. On the other hand, tropicalization is an operation defined in tropical geometry, which turns subvarieties of an algebraic torus into certain polyhedral objects in real vector spaces. By studying the tropicalizations, it may be possible to transform algebro-geometric problems into purely combinatorial ones. Thus, it is a natural question, "what are tropical Severi varieties?" In this thesis, we give a partial answer to this question: we obtain a description of tropical Severi varieties in terms of regular subdivisions of polygons. Given a regular subdivision of a convex lattice polygon, we construct an explicit parameter space of plane curves. This parameter space is much simpler object than the corresponding Severi variety and it is closely related to a flat degeneration of the Severi variety, which in turn describes the tropical Severi variety. We present two applications. First, we understand G. Mikhalkin's correspondence theorem for the degrees of Severi varieties in terms of tropical intersection theory. In particular, this provides a proof of the independence of point-configurations in the enumeration of tropical nodal curves. The second application is about Secondary fans. Secondary fans are purely combinatorial objects which parametrize all the regular subdivisions of polygons. We provide a relation between tropical Severi varieties and Secondary fans.

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